How to Remove Mold from Your Walls

Mold on the inner walls does not just look unpleasant; This can be a danger to the health of your family. In this guide, you will learn how to remove mold from your walls and have an optimal mold clean-up.

Depending on the amount and location, its presence also indicates a major problem of water entering your home. In this project, we will focus on solving the mold problem. The remedy is twofold:

  1. Check Moisture
  2. Remove Mold

While the first is the more complicated approach, depending on the situation, the latter can often be done with some bleach and water etc.

Know Your Mildew And Mold

Mold can grow in your house where there is a lot of moisture, especially if you leave it for a long time. Mold growth generally occurs on walls, ceilings, and floors of homes where moisture control is not optimal. Above all, cellars, shower walls and window sills are places where mold likes to live. Mold and mildew are basically all the same; Mildew is commonly used to describe many small mold problems at home, such as in showering mortar. However, some molds can become very toxic to humans if they are allowed to thrive. Mold can be the reason for allergic reactions, asthma, as well as other respiratory difficulties, and is especially dangerous for small children, the elderly, and those with respiratory or immune system deficiencies. That’s why it is important to know how to remove mold from your home.

Molds can come in many shapes and colors, but none of them determines exactly the type of mold. However, it usually occurs in various shades of black, white, green or blue and in many combinations of these and other colors.

Different Types of Molds

  • Black Mold

Black mold is often found in homes with excessive moisture damage to drywall and other surfaces. Much is made a lot of this type of “mold toxicity”, but the shape itself is not harmful. However, it has the potential to produce mycotoxins, which can damage humans and pets depending on the particular mold. An empirical rule should be “use caution” by removing all forms, especially if they are abundant.

  • White Mold

White mold is often present in cold and wet environments, such as basements of walls and other structures. It is frequently confused with efflorescence, which is a mineral deposit that forms on foundations and other masonry surfaces due to water infiltration.

One useful tip on how to remove mold: You can try if it is mold by spraying it with water. When it dissolves, it is a mineral deposit; If it is not, it is probably a white mold.

  • Blue Mold

Blue form is another common color of house shape that can appear in wet areas of the home, such as bathroom walls and ceilings. The moisture that accumulates on the walls after long wet showers can be a good condition for this form to form and thrive.

  • Green Mold

Green molds are also very common in households and molds often occur in damp areas such as shower walls and wet corners. As with most forms, you can remove mold in its green form by rubbing with a solution containing bleach.

Moisture Control

According to the USA Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), there isn’t any way to eliminate all indoor mold spores. The key to mold control and eventually mold remediation in Palm Beach is the control of moisture inside:

Solve water problems (leaks etc.). Repair leaks as soon as you find them. A basement or roof with leaks not only causes immediate structural damage; If left unresolved, the flooded areas can thrive. See the project repair leaks in the basement. Clean and dry all wet or damp building materials within 1-2 days to stop mold growth. If this is not the case and infiltrates the form, they must be removed to completely resolve the shape problem.

Reduce Indoor Humidity

The more humid your house is, the more likely it is to become a sanctuary for mold spores. Reduce the humidity by increasing the ventilation in your home to prevent the air from getting hot and clogged. Ventilate important appliances such as washers/dryers as well as your bathroom and kitchen. Use air conditioners and dehumidifiers. Avoid condensation: insulate walls, ceilings, windows and pipes to prevent moisture from condensing.

Mold Remediation of Basement and Concrete Walls

  1. Prepare The Area

You will notice mold in your basement because of its appearance, usually black, white or bluish stains on the walls. It can also grow on any organic material besides mold-covered surfaces such as carpets, boxes, etc. Remove these affected objects from the wall and throw away what you can. The furniture can be stored with a good cleaning, but in some cases, they can be thrown away. If you move these elements, you can also work when you remove the shape.

  1. Start With Cleaning

There are many commercial products to kill mold. Bleach is considered the best way to kill it, especially when combined with old-fashioned ablutions. Mix one part of chlorine with three parts of water in a bucket. Using a scrub brush or a high-strength sponge, scrub the affected wall vigorously with the bleach/water solution until the mold stains disappear. In some cases, you may need to leave the solution on the wall for a few minutes after application so that it can move in. For areas affected by mold, it is necessary to use both a formulated release agent and a bleach/water solution to accomplish the task.

Wear rubber gloves to protect your hands and goggles so that the chlorine solution in your eyes does not get splashed. Also, wear a respirator or dust mask to prevent inhalation of mold particles that could be released by air. If possible, ventilate the basement while you work. Wear old clothes, because you can get some bleach. After rubbing, rub the affected walls with a towel and check the surface for any overlooked mold growth. Put the items you brought back into the basement, but be careful not to put anything in it. It is possible that you will return to your starting point in a few weeks.

There may be stains on the walls, even after rubbing. These can be removed with a mildew remover available from the local hardware store.

Useful tips

Buy a dehumidifier for your basement to keep the air as dry and as inhospitable as possible. 

  1. Pay Attention To Leaks In The Basement

If you plan to paint the basement walls, use the primer/sealer and interior paint. It may also be necessary to seal the foundation with a waterproof sealant prior to priming and painting to avoid moisture and mildew. 

How to Remove Mold From Painted/Drywall Walls

Molds can often form on drywall and painted interior walls, especially in areas where moisture and humidity are important, e.g. B. in kitchens and bathrooms. Walls can also be affected if the roof or outside walls are infiltrated by water. If the drywall remains wet, the mold can begin to grow at any time and penetrate the drywall. In this case, the drywall must be removed and replaced as you will not be able to remove the entire mold in these circumstances.

  1. Assess The Damage

If you notice mold on an interior wall, evaluate the condition of the wall and the extent to which the shape has been adopted. If the drywall is damaged, crumbled or arched and covered with black or bruises, it must be replaced. If the wall is looking structurally healthy, but still covered with mold then you must remove stains with a cleaner and some scrubbing.

Some types of mold are better treated by professionals because they can be harmful if they are present in large quantities. Although it is unlikely that if your home is not damaged by floods or other disasters, you probably will not find an excessive amount of this type of mold commonly known as “black mold”. If you have large quantities in an indoor area, somewhere around 10 square meters, it is advisable to call a specialist to remove it.

  1. Prepare The Area

Because you use bleach or commercial chemicals that remove mold, you should protect the surrounding surfaces, such as the floor, from spills that could cause damage. Cover the floor with plastic wipes and glue them firmly so they do not move. It does not hurt to have a few old towels on hand to spill them.

  1. Get Rid Of The Mold

The best way to mold clean-up from the walls is to use a bleach solution. Mix one part of the chlorine into three parts of water and apply with a sponge or cloth. There are also a number of commercial solutions in your local hardware store.

Wear waterproof rubber gloves when cleaning with bleach or other cleaning agents to protect your hands.

Useful tip

In kitchens and bathrooms, grout can sometimes develop mold stains. You can rub this with an old toothbrush. Wash the walls after washing.

Use a Stain Resistant Paint

When you finish cleaning the mold stains, there may be stains on the wall surfaces. Print the wall with the primer/interior sealer, then paint with the interior paint as the last coat.

Water Damage Restoration To Walls And Ceilings

Water can hit the drywall that forms the interior walls and the ceilings and can make them look unsightly or, worse, they can damage the drywall so that it collapses, which can cause a great headache. Water-damaged walls and ceilings can be repaired if you have the knowledge and tools to carry out the necessary repairs. Learn how to do the water damage restoration yourself with this step-by-step repair guide.

1. Find-Out The Water Leak

Before you carry out repairs, you must find the source of the water leak. This can be frustrating, but if you do not correct the source of the water problem first, the repairs will not help you. Whether it’s a leaky roof, a broken pipe or a leaky toilet, sometimes it’s difficult to locate the source. Water can escape from the leak and cause damage at an unexpected location. This means that you need to research and explore something. Remove the damaged plasterboard panel to see where the leak originated (see step 2), and you can dry out the water-damaged area.

Sometimes it becomes obvious that water leaks are either behind the walls or on the roof from above. The roof or walls may have visible signs of moisture, water droplets or signs of poor structural integrity. Drywall panels may flare or collapse under the weight of water that saturates the naturally porous gypsum material. At other times, you may notice small signs, such as brown spots, that can expand over time.

Depending on the duration of the leak, the mold may be on the drywall. Some types of mold, such as “Black Molds”, are better treated by professionals, as they can be very toxic if they are present in large quantities. If you have large quantities in an indoor area, about 10 square meters, call a specialist to remove it. If there are only a small number of molds, you can remove it yourself or moldy plasterboard if you take precautions. Wear gloves, goggles and a dust mask to avoid inhaling mold. In some severe cases of serious water damage, you may need to hire a specialist for water damage restoration to repair the source of the leak or to repair the damaged walls or ceilings.

2. Water Damage Restoration by Removing the Plasterboard

Before you begin, place rags or tarpaulins around any drywall parts, dust and dirt that are created when removing damaged drywall. This facilitates cleaning and protects the surfaces from dust and false echoes. Check the drywall to see how much damage has been done. The heavily infiltrated water wall warps from the ceiling or crumbles to the touch. Remove any hand-compromised plasterboard or use the claw end of a hammer or demolition bar to remove it. If the gypsum boards have only water spots but are not structurally affected, they can be repaired by cutting the damaged part. When cutting the damaged area, use a ratchet saw to cut the hole into a square or rectangular shape. Then you can make a patch with another piece of drywall for repair. Wear protective goggles and a dust mask when starting up the damaged plasterboard to protect yourself.

3. Make Repairs

When repairing the wall or ceiling, measure the square or rectangular surface of the wall that you cut in step 2. Ordinary wall tape to repair water damage. Use these dimensions to cut a piece of replacement drywall, 2″ longer and 2″ wider than the hole. Place the drywall replacement part face up on a flat surface. Measure 1” on all four sides and draw a line with a pencil. This should form a shape of the size of the hole. With a ruler and a knife you cut the paper in the back and dry plaster, but not the paper layer that points to the front. Use a spatula to remove only the paper from the back and the plaster layer. Be careful not to break the paper.

Holes larger than 6 “, up to 12” require a slightly diverse process because the patch needs much more support. Use a drill to drill two small holes through the spare plate part. Pass a piece of string and tie both ends in the middle of a stick. Leave about 8 “rope between the board and the stick, the” stick side “of the board will be the front, the stick is used to hold the patch in place, turn the lever to put pressure on the back of the board Stabilize it in the hole Apply a thin layer of cement glue to the edges Insert the patch into the hole and place it so that the cement glue firmly grips the solid area around the hole. Turn the wire and increase the pressure against the button on the back of the hole, this will hold the board until the cement glue dries.

If you are working with a smaller hole (up to 6 “), apply a thin layer of grout around the hole, place the patch in the hole and push the edge of the paper into the joint with a spatula Sand with a fine sandpaper and apply a second layer of grout to complete the repair. For larger holes (between 6 “and 12”), allow the cement adhesive to dry completely and fill the area with grout. Soften the area and allow the patch to dry completely.

Damaged surfaces larger than 12 square inches may require the installation of a complete replacement panel as the large drywall must be anchored to the wall studs or rafters. It depends on where the damage to the wall or ceiling is and how you had to cut it. For example, if the room where you have removed the damaged plasterboard exposes nails or beams, where it is possible to attach a patch by bolting on the bolt or beam, you can do it. Otherwise, you may need to replace the entire drywall.

To replace the entire blade, remove the damaged plasterboard completely to the crampons. Remove the drywall screws that secure the old plate to the bolt with an electric drill. If there was a lot of damage to the water, it should be pretty easy; the old drywall probably collapses. Measure the height and width of the room to be repaired to see how many new panels you need. If you need a custom size for an irregular shaped repair, use your measurements to cut a patch with a knife or drywall saw. Align the new cover with the screws on the wall, and then attach the cover to the connectors with the drywall screws and a power driver. Use a joint tape to cover the seams on which each panel rests. Next, apply the grout with a spatula on the tape. Allow the compound to dry for the time specified by the manufacturer and sand the bond with fine-grained sandpaper until the joints are flush with the drywall panels.

Some Useful Tips

  • If the patch does not fit well, place it against the hole and cut off the size with a knife.
  • Hire someone as an assistant when installing drywall panels or working on roof repairs. Dry walls can be heavy and try to keep them stable while being held in place can be a challenge.
  • To facilitate insertion of the wallboard material through the hole, be careful to keep it tilted.
  • You may need to apply two or three layers of grout to create the repaired area. Allow each coat to dry before applying the other one. Keep the rod and rope in place during the patching process. You can eliminate both moments before the material dries. When the surface is completely dry, and the high surfaces with fine-grained sandpaper and a sanding block.

4. Primer and Paint

Apply the inner primer with a large brush or roller applicator. Be sure to cover the entire surface of the wall. Pour paint onto a paint container and cover your roller or brush. Paint the width in sections of 6 square feet with a zigzag pattern of overlapping “W” shots. Move from right to left, then from left to right and distribute evenly with vertical lines. To ensure even coverage, iron the ceiling with soft strokes and paint from bottom to top on each wall. If your painting has a smooth surface, you do not need to mix it. Otherwise, for mixing, paint over the whole area (for very large areas, make two square sections at once) with unidirectional lines, superimposed, not again diagonal. Brush with a small, angled brush in areas where your roll cannot reach, such as B. Corners and next to doors, windows, and moldings. Possibly. Apply a 2nd coat of paint by the same technique as the 1st one. You do not have to let the paint dry completely between layers, but the results will be better the longer you wait. Open the windows to make sure you prime and paint in a well-ventilated room.

5. Cleaning

Always use a shop vacuum to remove dust and dirt. Take your rags or tarpaulins and close your paint cans. Dispose of used paint cans properly. Cleaning brushes and other tools can be made easier with hot water and soap. Rinse the roller covers and brushes thoroughly with water until the water is clear, and place them on a brush/roller if you have one to remove excess fluid. Store them in their protective cover or hang them on nails or hooks. Carefully pick up the blankets and make sure that no paint gets in the paint left on them. Remove the painter’s tape at a 45-degree angle so as not to damage the fresh paint. Remember, the longer you stay, the harder it is to get rid of them.

Good work! You have resisted the damage caused by water and repaired your wall/ceiling with an expert-like water damage restoration.

4 Steps To Follow After A Pipe Burst

Nobody can deny that owning a home is a big expense, especially if it’s a mature model. When it comes to a water pipe burst, the damage to your home, your belongings, and your health can be serious if the mess is not properly cleaned. When a pipeline in your house explodes, you have to follow four steps.

1. Stop The Water

First stop the flow of water if you suspect a pipe burst, even if you do not know where the water is coming from. You will find the stop on the water pipe. It is usually found under the sink or where the main line connection to your home. Each family member should know the location of the emergency tap. If the main water switch is off, you must drain the lines. Let all taps run with cold water. Be sure to rinse each toilet at least once. Turn off the boiler. Once the hot water system is closed, return to each faucet and run the hot water to empty this supply. If there is no running water, the leak stops.

2. Locate The Pipe Burst And Examine The Damage

After draining the excess water, locate the pipe. Check the damage and consider where the pipe is before you go to the hardware store. Regardless of the damage or size of the break, a larger water pipe will require more time and effort to replace it because it contains more water and results in additional joints, as opposed to a single pipe below the sink. If it’s a short break, you may be able to repair it and avoid further damage while saving money. However, if you are using commercially available tape or a chemical primer, you should monitor this repair work as it can explode later and return to where it started.

3. Repair The Pipe Burst

Repairing a break or a crack in non-main pipes is usually fairly simple, but can be expensive depending on the repair material you choose. Here is a cost-effective repair for small cracks and water breaks, which also gives you excellent adhesion. You will need a normal garden hose of very long length and two or three clamps or similar handles that create an extreme constriction. Measure the pipe burst or tear and cut the garden hose about ten inches longer than necessary to fill the cracked area.

Next, cut the garden hose so that you can push it over the crack or burst into the water pipe. Hold the hose section with hose clips or similar clips on the bursting area and squeeze it as tightly together as possible. Test your repair by turning on the water.

If the break is greater, use a hacksaw to cut off the blown part of the pipe. Make sure to cut about an inch more on each side of the pipe burst. When replacing the missing pipe section, use pipe separators and sealants, but do not over-tighten. If a compression nut is too tight, it causes an oval effect that leads to more leaks. If you over-tighten the union nut and repair the ovals, start with another union nut.

4. Bring Professional Drying Equipment

If the water in the burst tube is on walls or ceilings, as well as on the floor, contact a professional water utility for water damage restoration in Palm Beach County. The simple fact of using fans and opening windows to dry a damp area is an invitation to molding and even a serious illness for your family. You should also break the power supply in this area of ​​the house as a precaution against shocks.